- Rhinehart, Sarina, Matthew J. Geras, and Jessica M. Hayden. Forthcoming.”Appointees Versus Elected Officials: The Implications of Selection Method on Gender Representation” with Sarina Rhinehart and Jessica M. Hayden. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy.
Using an original dataset of state executive leaders from 2001-2017, we explore how gender stereotypes interact with position selection method and voter preferences to influence the representation of women in state executive leadership. We find women are more likely to serve in positions that manage policies stereotyped as feminine and that the impact of selection method varies across gender categorizations. Using a survey experiment on citizen preferences, we validate this classification of stereotypical feminine and masculine executive positions and find respondents view stereotypical masculine traits as more important, but that feminine traits are rated as more important for feminine positions. Furthermore, in evaluating candidates, we find women are not disadvantaged in running for masculine positions, and in some cases, are advantaged in running for feminine positions.
- Geras, Matthew J. 2020. “Women Running the Party and Women Running for Congress: An Examination of State Party Diversity and Candidate Emergence in the 2018 Midterm Elections.” Party Politics OnlineFirst.
Using a new data set of state political party bylaws and demographics of state party chairs, I evaluate whether women were more likely to run for Congress during the 2018 midterm elections from parties with higher levels of gender diversity. I construct three measures of gender diversity, whether each party was chaired by a woman, granted committee membership to an allied women’s group, and required gender parity among their committee members. Democratic parties are more likely to be chaired by a woman and to require gender parity among their members, but Republican parties are more likely to grant membership to allied women’s groups. Considering the implications of these rules, I find Democratic women were more likely to run for Congress representing parties that grant membership to an allied women’s group and parties chaired by a woman.
- Rhinehart, Sarina, and Matthew J. Geras. 2020. “Diversity and Power: Selection Method and its Impact on State Executive Descriptive Representation.” State Politics & Policy Quarterly 20(2); 213-233.
Using an original dataset of state executive leaders from 2001 to 2017 from all 50 states we explore the role that position selection method plays in promoting the inclusion of racial and ethnic minorities into positions of power within top leadership positions in state governments. We find racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to be appointed than elected to state executive leadership positions and that Democratic governors are more likely than Republican governors to appoint minorities to these positions.
- Geras, Matthew J., and Michael H. Crespin. 2019. “Gaining Access and Constituent Correspondence in the U.S. House of Representatives.” Congress and The Presidency 46(2): 253-279.
Using an original dataset of more than 3,000 correspondence records from the office of former member of Congress James R. Jones and an e-mail interview with Representative Jones we try to determine who gains access to key staffers in a congressional office during the process of constituent correspondence. We find that key senior staffers are more likely to pay attention to powerful individuals and nonroutine matters.
- Geras, Matthew J. 2018. “The Implications of Apportionment on Quality Candidate Emergence and Electoral Competition.” Political Research Quarterly 71(2): 467-481.
I examine the implications of congressional apportionment on quality candidate emergence and electoral competition in elections for the U.S. House of Representatives. I find an inverse relationship between the number of congressional districts in a state and the number of quality candidates running for the House of Representatives.
- Hayden, Jessica M., Matthew J. Geras, Michael H. Crespin, and Nathan Gerth. 2017. “Land, Wood, Water, & SPACE: Senator Robert S. Kerr, Congress, and Selling the Space Race to the American Public.” Social Science Quarterly 98(4): 1189-1203.
Using a topic model and archival papers from Senator Robert S. Kerr, we examine the contribution Senator Kerr made in promoting NASA and space exploration while serving as chair of the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. Contrary to conventional wisdom, Cold War concerns about national security were not all that fueled arguments for pursuing space technology. We find that particularized benefits, state‐level leadership, economic development, and technological advancements were all used to “sell space” during NASA’s infancy.
- Geras, Matthew J. and Michael H. Crespin. 2018. “The Effect of Open and Closed Primaries on Voter Turnout.” In Routledge Handbook of Primary Elections, ed. Robert G. Boatright. Routledge.
In this edited volume chapter, we examine whether voter turnout in congressional primary elections correlates with primary type. We find that closed primaries are associated with lower levels of voter turnout.
- Anderson, R. Bruce and Zachary Baumann with Matthew J. Geras. 2017. “Florida: The South, Border State, or Wild Frontier?” In New Politics of the Old South: An Introduction to Southern Politics, 6th edition. ed. Charles S. Bullock III and Mark J. Rozell. Rowman & Littlefield.
This book chapter reviews the political history of Florida and examines Florida’s place in the study of southern politics.
- Geras, Matthew. 2021. “Why Presidents Use Executive Action to Pursue their Policy Goals.” The Capitol Connection.
- Geras, Matthew. 2020. “Election Day 2020: More than a Presidential Election.” The Capitol Connection.